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State Line Properties

Real Estate 101

Types of Deeds

Deeds Convey Property in Different Ways

Whether you are selling your home, bequeathing it to a child, or taking sole ownership after

divorce, the property must be transferred. The process by which this is accomplished is called

deeding. But not all deeds are created equal. Read on for a quick primer on the difference

between a warranty deed and a quitclaim deed, the two most common conveyances.

Warranty deed

A warranty deed is what people typically think of when selling a property. It is a piece of paper

that has been signed by the property owner and recipient. It essentially states that the former

has no outstanding liens or claims against the property that would encumber the latter’s

purchase or future rights of ownership. Bankrate notes that title insurance, which is required in

most traditional real estate sales transactions, protects the buyer from false information given on

the warranty deed. A warranty deed may be written as a special warranty deed, which warrants

only the history of the property from the time the current titleholder acquired ownership; a

regular warranty deed guarantees a free and clear title in reverse perpetuity.

Quitclaim deed

A quitclaim deed comes into play when the property being transferred is done so without

compensation. For example, your grandfather dies and leaves his home to you. You are not

buying the property but inheriting it. A quitclaim deed would be issued. A quitclaim does not

warranty against liens against the property. This type of deed is issued under the assumption of

an existing relationship between giver and recipient and the recipient trusts that the giver

actually, holds an interest in the subject property. Quitclaim deeds are useful during divorce

proceedings as they are usually executed much faster and are less expensive than warranty

deeds. It is important to note that a quitclaim deed only transfers interest of a property and does

not release any party from financial liability relating to the property, according to SFGate. Filing for a quitclaim deed

Unlike a warranty deed, a quitclaim deed doesn’t take considerable time or research related to

the history of the home/property. Redfin explains that quitclaim deed requirements are,

however, different from state to state and suggests consulting with an attorney prior to obtaining

the necessary forms.

Deed and title

Deeds and titles are not the same thing, although one cannot exist without the other. A deed is

a legal document; a title refers to the legal rights a person has over property being transferred

via deed. An easy way to compare the two is by thinking of a deed as a marriage license. It’s a

piece of paper that says two people intend to marry and may legally do so; the title is the state

of being wed and is more of an abstract concept, just as you cannot see a marriage. The

marriage (title) exists because the license (deed) says neither party is incapable of the act due

to an existing marriage (lien).

Other types of deed

While warranty and quitclaim are most used, there are a number of other types of deed. These

include bargain and sale, similar to a quitclaim but involves the transfer of money and is often

associated with seized properties; grant, guarantees property is free of debts but not defects;

and court-order deed, a deed created without consent of the owner, often when they are

incapable of paying for the property.

When buying a home on the market, a warranty deed is always the way to go. Special

circumstances, such as divorce, may be best suited to a quitclaim deed, especially when the

property was acquired during the marriage. Either way, a deed transfers title but only a warranty

deed ensures that title won’t be compromised due to past defects.

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